Houston- (BUSINESS WIRE) -Enterprise Products L.P. (NYSE: EPD) (“Enterprise”) and Chevron U.S.A. Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Chevron Corporation (NYSE: CVX), today announced the implementation of long-term agreements for crude oil transportation, storage and marine terminal services. This series of agreements, along with other customer agreements, supports the expansion of Enterprise`s Permian Basin Crude Oil System to Enterprise`s ECHO terminal in Houston, Texas. One of the most interesting dynamics of the G-P agreements is the diversity of possibilities offered by the contract structure for a Greenfield project. Producers are committed to providing a source of income when the midstream investor builds the necessary infrastructure. An acreage requirement essentially gives exclusivity to all products produced (sometimes only gas) in an area defined in favour of the G-P agreement. A less painful form of this clause could refer to certain wells or futures that are subject to dedication. In some cases, Midstream may not even immediately own the collection infrastructure, but acts as the owner at the end of the manufacturer. On the other side of the spectrum, a G-P agreement could be reached by a midstream party that has already taken the risk of construction. Agreements with these owners are closer to THE GMCs, with a focus on royalties and services. What is unique about a gas storage project is that the ancillary and real estate rights must be purchased jointly.
On top, the project must acquire or lease the property. In addition, the warehouse pipes must be connected to either the field collection system or the pipeline. These high-level, more complex themes will ultimately affect the tariff, since the owner of the gas storage would like to recover them as part of his CAPEX/OPEX compensation. In the basement, the owner of the gas tank must also secure the rights to the tank. This is usually done by leasing and a gas storage owner generally pays much less to the landowner than to a typical oil and gas lease. The preference is probably only a bonus amount and if a fee is required, it will be a percentage of minimus. The storage company always has the alternative to an exceptional domain if they are FERC certified. The final step in the Midstream value chain is gas storage. A gas storage contract is an exchange of funds for the right to store natural gas in a reservoir for a certain period of time (usually a tank of depleted salt submarines or groundwater). A gas storage operator also receives funds for the provision of gas storage services (compensation, pressure maintenance, etc.).
Under a model of advanced razors (contract to meet seasonal demand), natural gas storage cannot be underground, but stored cryogenic in large tanks. Both models have terms and conditions similar to those of the other service agreements mentioned above (tariffs, fees, inventory commitments, etc.). “These agreements support our permissive purchasing strategy by providing more take-out capacity for our increase in perm production,” said George Wall, president of Chevron Supply and Trading, a division of CUSA. “When our production increases, we will have the means to bring these energy resources to market.” The #gsa #gta #psa #natural gas #negotiations #processing #gathering #storage Malawi`s gas agreement envisages the creation of a 22-day fuel reserve, which is an expansion of the current five-day reserve.